European and Asian companies buying non-diamond minerals from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are funding armed groups and fuelling the more than decade-long conflict, says a newly published Global Witness report.
The 110-page report makes no mention of diamonds, but lists as "conflict minerals" cassiterite (tin ore), coltan, gold and wolframite (a source of tungsten), which are all found, along with diamonds, in mining areas in eastern DRC, specifically the provinces of North and South Kivu. These provinces are controlled by rebels and the national army, who violently exploit civilians to retain access to valuable minerals.
The report, titled "Faced with a gun, what can you do?", details how international mining companies, such as Bangkok-based THAISARCO (a subsidiary of British metals group AMC), UK-based Afrimex, and Belgium-based Trademet, are buying from suppliers who trade in minerals received from the country's warring parties.
Click on the photo below to download the report: